Talks and papers related to research conducted at the UCSB Biology Greenhouse. For examples on how to acknowledge the Greenhouse in your research publications, please refer to the fourth FAQ.


Cabin, Z, NJ Derieg, A Garton, T Ngo, A Quezada, C Gasseholm, M Simmon and SA Hodges. 2022. Non-pollinator selection for a floral homeotic mutant conferring loss of nectar reward in Aquilegia coerulea. Current Biology


Edwards, MB, GPT Choi, NJ Derieg, Y Min, A Diana, SA Hodges, L Mahadevan, EM Kramer, ES Ballerini. 2021. Genetic architecture of floral traits in bee- and hummingbird-pollinated sister species of Aquilegia (columbine). Evolution. doi:10.1111/evo.14313

Oono R, Ho R, Jimenez-Salinas A. 2021. The direct and interactive effects of elevated CO2 and additional nitrate on relative costs and benefits of legume-rhizobia symbiosis. Symbiosis. 84, pp. 209–220


Peach, K (Peach, Kristen); Liu, JW (Liu, Jasen W.); Mazer, SJ (Mazer, Susan J.). 2020. Climate Predicts UV Floral Pattern Size, Anthocyanin Concentration, and Pollen Performance in Clarkia unguiculata. Frontiers in Plant Science. 11: 847 DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2020.00847

Peach, K., J. S. W. Liu, K. N. Klitgaard., and S. J. Mazer. 2020. Sex-specific floral attraction traits in a sequentially hermaphroditic species. Ecology and Evolution 10: 1856-1875. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.5987

Ballerini, ES, Y Min, MB Edwards, EM Kramer and SA Hodges. 2020. POPOVICH, encoding a C2H2 zinc-finger transcription factor, plays a central role in the development of a key innovation, floral nectar spurs, in Aquilegia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 117 (36) 22552-22560,

Schultheis LD, Oono R, D'Antonio CM. 2020. Mechanisms of severe dieback and mortality in a classically drought-tolerant shrubland species (Arctostaphylos glauca). American Journal of Botany. 107(8):1136-1147.


Peach, K and S. J. Mazer. 2019. Heteranthery in Clarkia: pollen performance of dimorphic anthers contradicts expectations. American Journal of Botany 106: 598-603. DOI: 10.1002/ajb2.1262

Ballerini, ES, EM Kramer and SA Hodges. 2019. Comparative transcriptomics of early petal development across four diverse Aquilegia species reveal relatively few genes associated with nectar spur development. BMC Genomics (2019) 20:668,


Emms, S. K., A. A. Hove, L. S. Dudley, S. J. Mazer, A. S. Verhoeven. 2018. Could seasonally deteriorating environments favour the evolution of autogamous selfing and a drought escape physiology through indirect selection? A test of the time limitation hypothesis using artificial selection in Clarkia. Annals of Botany 121: 753-766. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcx197

Mazer, S. J., B. T. Hendrickson, J. P. Chellew, L. J. Kim, J. W. Liu, J. Shu, and M. V. Sharma. 2018. Divergence in pollen performance between Clarkia sister species with contrasting mating systems supports predictions of sexual selection. Evolution 2: 453-572. DOI: 10.1111/evo.13429

Filiault, D, ES Ballerini, T Mandakova, Gokce Akoz, N Derieg, J Schmutz, J Jenkins, J Grimwood, S Shu, RD Hayes, U Hellsten, K Barry, J Yan, S Mihaltcheva, M Karafiatova, V Nizhynska, EM Kramer, MA Lysak, SA Hodges*, and M Nordborg* 2018. The Aquilegia genome: adaptive radiation and an extraordinarily polymorphic chromosome with a unique history. eLife 7:e36426 doi 10.7554/eLife.36426. *co-senior authors. Editor’s Choice, Science 362:1015.


Soybean susceptibility to manufactured nanomaterials with evidence for food quality and soil fertility interruption, Priester, John H., Ge Yuan, Mielke Randall E., Horst Allison M., Moritz Shelly Cole, Espinosa Katherine, Gelb Jeff, Walker Sharon L., Nisbet Roger M., An Youn-Joo, et al. , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Volume 109, p.E2451–E2456, (2012)


Airplanes in the Garden: Monarch Butterflies Take Flight, Calder, Joan Z. , Minocqua, WI, (2011)

Puzey, JR, SJ Gerbode, SA Hodges, EM Kramer and L Mahadevan. 2011. Evolution of spur-length diversity in Aquilegia petals is achieved solely through cell-shape anisotropy. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 279, 1640-1645. doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.1873.


Not novel, just better: competition between native and non-native plants in California grasslands that share species traits, Corbin, JeffreyD., and D’Antonio CarlaM. , Plant Ecology, Volume 209, p.71-81, (2010)

Physiological performance in Clarkia sister taxa with contrasting mating systems: Do early-flowering autogamous taxa avoid water stress relative to their pollinator-dependent counterparts? , Dudley, L.S., Hove A.A., and Mazer S.J. , International Journal of Plant Sciences, 01/2010, Volume 3, Issue 1, (2010)


Mazer, S. J., L. S. Dudley, V. A. Delesalle, H. Paz, and P. Galusky. 2009. Stability of pollen-ovule ratios in pollinator-dependent versus autogamous Clarkia sister taxa: testing evoluitronary predictions. New Phytologist 193: 630-658. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.02886.x

California native and exotic perennial grasses differ in their response to soil nitrogen, exotic annual grass density, and order of emergence, Abraham, JoelK., Corbin JeffreyD., and D’Antonio CarlaM. , Herbaceous Plant Ecology, p.81-92, (2009)

Effects of Nitrogen-Fixing Shrubs in Washington and Coastal California1, Haubensak, Karen A., D'ANTONIO CARLA M., and Alexander Janice , (2009)


The joint evolution of mating system, floral traits and life history in Clarkia (Onagraceae): genetic constraints vs. independent evolution, DUDLEY, L. S., MAZER S. J., and GALUSKY P. , Journal of Evolutionary Biology, Volume 20, p.2200–2218, (2007)

Pollinator shifts drive increasingly long nectar spurs in columbine flowers, Whittall, Justen B., and Hodges Scott A. , Nature, Volume 447, p.706–709, (2007)

Tracheary elements in ferns: new techniques, observations, and concepts, Carlquist, Sherwin, and Schneider Edward L. , American Fern Journal, Volume 97, p.199–211, (2007)

Mazer, S. J., V. A. Delesalle, and H. Paz. 2007. The evolution of mating system and the genetic covariance between male and female investment in Clarkia (Onagraceae): selfing opposes the evolution of trade-offs. Evolution 61: 83-98.

Dudley, L. S., S. J. Mazer, and P. Galusky. 2007. The joint evolution of mating system, floral traits and life history in Clarkia (Onagraceae): genetic constraints vs. independent evolution. J. Evolutionary Biology 6: 2200-2218.


Convergence, constraint and the role of gene expression during adaptive radiation: floral anthocyanins in Aquilegia, WHITTALL, JUSTEN B., VOELCKEL CLAUDIA, KLIEBENSTEIN DANIEL J., and Hodges Scott A. , Molecular Ecology, Volume 15, p.4645–4657, (2006)

The effect of soil nitrogen on competition between native and exotic perennial grasses from northern coastal California, Thomsen, Meredith A., Corbin Jeffrey D., and D’Antonio Carla M. , Plant Ecology, Volume 186, p.23-35, (2006)


Floral Ontogeny of Aquilegia, Semiaquilegia, and Enemion (Ranunculaceae), Tucker, Shirley C., and Hodges Scott A. , International Journal of Plant Sciences, Volume 166, p.pp. 557-574, (2005)


Mazer, S. J., H. Paz and M. D. Bell. 2004. Life History, Floral Development, and Mating System in Clarkia xantiana (Onagraceae): Do floral and whole-plant rates of development evolve independently? American Journal of Botany 91: 2041-2050.


Mazer, S. J. and D. E. Lowry. 2003. Genetic, environmental and seed mass effects on the production of winged seeds in Spergularia marina Functional Ecology 17: 637-650.

Mazer, S. J., D. E. Lowry, and T. Hansen. 2003. Effects of nutrient availability on primary sexual traits and their response to selection in Spergularia marina (Caryophyllaceae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 16: 767-778.


Genetics of Floral Traits Influencing Reproductive Isolation between Aquilegia formosa and Aquilegia pubescens. , Hodges, Scott A., Whittall B., Fulton Justen, Fulton Michelle, and Yang Ji Y. , The American Naturalist, Volume 159, p.pp. S51-S60, (2002)

Wood and Bark Anatomy of Salvadoraceae: Ecology, Relationships, Histology of Interxylary Phloem, Carlquist, Sherwin , Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, Volume 129, p.pp. 10-20, (2002)

Delesalle, V. A and S. J. Mazer. 2002. The neighborhood matters: Effects of neighbor number and sibling (or kin) competition on floral traits in Spergularia marina (Caryophyllaceae). Evolution 56: 2406-2413.


Compensatory growth and competitive ability of an invasive weed are enhanced by soil fungi and native neighbours, Callaway, Ragan, Newingham Beth, Zabinski Cathy A., and Mahall Bruce E. , Ecology Letters, Volume 4, p.429–433, (2001)

Factors influencing dynamics of two invasive C4 grasses in seasonally dry Hawaiian woodlands, D'ANTONIO, CARLA M., R Hughes Flint, and Vitousek Peter M. , Ecology, Volume 82, p.89–104, (2001)

Mazer, S. J. and K. A. Dawson. 2001. Size-dependent sex allocation in Clarkia unguiculata (Onagraceae): ontogenetic and genetic variation. American Journal of Botany 88: 819-831.


Pollen performance of plants in recently burned and unburned environments, Travers, Steven E. , Ecology, Volume 80, p.2427–2434, (1999)

Mazer, S. J., V. A. Delesalle, and P. Neal. 1999. Responses of floral traits to selection on primary sexual investment in Spergularia marina (Caryophyllaceae): the battle between the sexes. Evolution 53: 717-731.


Flowering and mating system in hybridizing Carpobrotus (Aizoaceae) in coastal California, Vilà, Montserrat, Weber Ewald, and D'ANTONIO CARLA M. , Canadian Journal of Botany, Volume 76, p.1165-1169, (1998)


Effects of Regional Origin and Genotype on Intraspecific Root Communication in the Desert Shrub Ambrosia dumosa (Asteraceae), Mahall, Bruce E., and Callaway Ragan M. , American Journal of Botany, Volume 83, p.pp. 93-98, (1996)

Delesalle, V. A., and S. J. Mazer. 1996. Nutrient levels and salinity affect gender and floral traits in the autogamous Spergularia marina (Caryophyllaceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 157: 621-631.

Mazer, S. J., and D. L. Gorchov. 1996. Paternal effects on progeny phenotype: distinguishing genetic and environmental causes. Evolution 50: 44-53.

Mazer, S. J. and V. A. Delesalle. 1996a. Temporal instability of genetic components of floral trait variation trait: maternal family and population effects in Spergularia marina (Caryophyllaceae). Evolution 50: 2509-2515.

Mazer, S. J. and V. A. Delesalle. 1996b. Covariation among floral traits in Spergularia marina (Caryophyllaceae): geographic and temporal variation in phenotypic and among-family correlations. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 9: 993-1015.

Mazer, S. J. and V. A. Delesalle. 1996c. Floral trait variation in Spergularia marina (Caryophyllaceae): ontogenetic, maternal family, and population effects. Heredity 77: 269-281.


Phylogenetic Analyses of Polemoniaceae Using Nucleotide Sequences of the Plastid Gene matK, Steele, Kelly P., and Vilgalys Rytas , Systematic Botany, Volume 19, p.pp. 126-142, (1994)


A Chloroplast DNA Phylogeny of the Solanaceae: Subfamilial Relationships and Character Evolution, Olmstead, Richard G., and Palmer Jeffrey D. , Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, Volume 79, p.pp. 346-360, (1992)


A Comparison of the Relative Naturalization Ability of Two Schinus Species in Southern California. I. Seed Germination, Nilsen, Erik Tallak, and Muller Walter H. , Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, Volume 107, p.pp. 51-56, (1980)


Cytochemical localization of adenosine triphosphatase in the phloem of Pisum sativum and its relation to the function of transfer cells, Bentwood, BarbaraJ., and Cronshaw James , Planta, Volume 140, p.111-120, (1978)


Allelopathic Control of Herb Growth in the Fire Cycle of California Chaparral, Muller, Cornelius H., Hanawalt Ronald B., and McPherson James K. , Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, Volume 95, p.pp. 225-231, (1968)


Inhibitory Terpenes Volatilized from Salvia Shrubs, Muller, Cornelius H. , Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, Volume 92, p.pp. 38-45, (1965)